& # 39; Thousands of lives would be saved in the UK every year & # 39; under draft legislation to combat air pollution that will be discussed in Parliament
- Air Pollution Bill calls on the UK to comply with the WHO guidelines for air pollution
- It requires air pollution monitors that are placed in every zip code, school and hospital
- Currently, 37 cities in Great Britain are constantly displaying illegal air pollution
- It causes at least 36,000 deaths a year and costs the economy £ 20 billion in health care
Thousands of lives are saved every year if the government reduces air pollution to a legal level, experts say.
They have drafted legislation to be submitted to Parliament, calling for stricter limits based on World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines.
The Air Pollution Bill would require that air pollution monitors be installed in every zip code and outside of every school and hospital.
Great Britain is notoriously bad at controlling air pollution, with 37 cities constantly displaying illegal levels.
The WHO says that there should not be more than 40 micrograms of nitrogen oxide per cubic meter of air.
But five locations in Great Britain constantly have more than twice as much pollution.
Thousands of lives are saved every year if the government reduces air pollution to a legal level, a coalition of scientists and environmental groups claim
Britain's worst pollution hotspots were outside London's Earls Court tube station, where the annual average was 129.5 micrograms per cubic meter of air. That is threefold that of the 40 mcg limit of the World Health Organization, according to research last month
Scientists now say that inhaling toxic air caused by vehicle, plant and power plant exhaust gases is responsible for more deaths than smoking.
Currently, 36,000 Britons die each year from air pollution, which costs the country £ 20 billion annually in health care.
A further 29,000 people die with a range of air-related diseases such as cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease.
The Air Pollution Bill will be discussed tomorrow at the parliamentary launch of the Clean Air for All campaign.
POLLUTION LEVELS ILLEGAL IN THE MOST UK MONITORING ZONES
Air pollution in the UK was labeled in September as a & # 39; national shame & # 39 ;.
Figures for 2017 showed that 37 of the 43 air quality zones in the UK had illegal levels of nitrogen dioxide pollution, the same number as the year before.
Annual average levels of the pollutant from exhaust gasses dropped in most places, government figures revealed and ClientEarth environmental legislation.
But levels are still more than double the legal limit in Greater London and also well above the limit in areas such as South Wales, West Midlands, Glasgow and Greater Manchester.
Brighton, Worthing and Littlehampton in West Sussex – an area that was declared legal last year – again crawled to just below the threshold, the statistics show.
The UK has crossed EU pollution limits for nitrogen dioxide, a large proportion of which come from diesel vehicles, since the rules came into force in 2010.
Air pollution causes an estimated 40,000 premature deaths a year in the UK and is related to health problems, from childhood diseases to heart disease and even dementia.
The bill – prepared by a coalition of environmental groups and air pollution scientists – will be submitted as a bill from a private person in the Commons or the Lords, The times reports.
It is expected to receive support from MPs and colleagues from all major parties and supporters hope that its recommendations are included in the Environmental legislation.
After a summer of eco-protests, the government has promised to reduce air pollution in the upcoming Environmental legislation. But it is not yet clear how it will go.
Research has shown that one in six hospitals in Great Britain is in areas with dangerous air pollution.
More than 248 hospital locations – 17 percent of all locations in the UK – have unsafe levels of toxic particles in the air.
It means that 10.5 million patients in the UK are exposed to unhealthy fumes every year when their health is already the most vulnerable.
Diesel cars have been promoted since the 1970s as an environmentally friendly choice because they emit less carbon dioxide.
Tony Blair's Labor government in particular used generous tax breaks to convince drivers to buy diesel cars.
The tactic contributed to the number of diesel drivers that jumped from ten million years ago to around 11 million today.
But in recent years scientists have realized that diesel also produces more of the tiny particles and nitrogen oxides that are harmful to our health.
A spokesperson for the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs told the newspaper: & # 39; We know the impact of air pollution on UK communities, so we are taking urgent measures to improve air quality. & # 39;
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