& # 39; Hidden & # 39; Fat can increase a woman's risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease, research suggests.
Scientists estimate how much visceral fat that surrounds the abdominal organs is carried by more than 325,000 people.
They discovered that the internal fat increases the risk of everything, from type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure to a heart attack, especially in women.
For every additional 2.2 pounds (1 kg) of visceral fat that a woman gets, her risk of health complications increases by more than seven times, the study found.
This is a comparison with men, whose chances & # 39; slightly more than doubles & # 39 ;. It is currently unclear why there are these gender differences.
& # 39; Hidden & # 39; fat can increase a woman's risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease (stock)
& # 39; We were surprised that visceral fat was more strongly associated with the risk of disease in women than in men & # 39 ;, said study author Dr.
& # 39; Adding an extra kilogram of visceral fat can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes in women more than seven times.
& # 39; The same amount of fat accumulation only increases the risk slightly more than twice in men. & # 39;
Heart disease is responsible for a quarter of all deaths in the UK and the US, statistics show.
Type 2 diabetes is also a serious problem, with more than half a billion people believed to have the condition worldwide.
Visceral fat has long been known to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
Also known as & # 39; active fat & # 39 ;, according to Diabetes.nl, it can play a & # 39; distinctive and potentially dangerous role that influences the functioning of our hormones & # 39 ;.
Visceral fat also secretes a protein, retinol-binding protein four, that can increase insulin resistance.
This happens when cells do not respond well to insulin and the & # 39; driving factor & # 39; is for type 2 diabetes.
WHAT IS VISCERAL FAT?
Visceral fat is stored in the center around your organs.
It is intended to ensure that there is some distance between each organ.
It sometimes becomes & # 39; active fat & # 39; named because research has shown that this type of fat influences the functioning of our hormones.
Storing larger amounts of visceral fat is associated with a range of health issues, including diabetes, high blood pressure and an increased risk of heart disease.
However, the extent of the damage from visceral fat and the genes behind it were less clear.
For more information, the researchers estimate the hidden fat levels of hundreds of thousands of people. They did this by looking at the expression of genes that are known to cause heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
Results – published in the journal Nature Medicine – revealed that women with high visceral fat were more at risk for high blood pressure, heart attack or chest pain, type 2 diabetes and increased blood fat levels throughout their lives.
Perhaps surprisingly, those with small or moderate amounts of visceral fat were more at risk than those with large amounts who then won more. It is unclear why this happened.
The results also showed that the fat distribution varied among the participants. For example, those with a healthy weight may still have collected dangerous amounts of hidden fat.
"Non-linear effects such as these are very interesting to study and can help us to understand the biology behind the link between visceral fat and disease," said lead author Dr. Torgny Karlsson.
In a second part of the experiment, the scientists examined the human genome to identify genes that influence the development of visceral fat. They found that more than 200 genes are involved in this process.
A & # 39; large portion & # 39; of these genes is linked to behavior. This suggests that overeating and a lazy lifestyle are the main causes of visceral fat, the researchers claim.
They hope that by looking at a patient's genes one day, doctors can measure whether a person is at risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
& # 39; The findings of this study may enable us to simplify measurements of visceral fat, and thus more easily identify people at high risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease, & # 39; said Karlsson.
Visceral fat is currently estimated via MRI or CT scans, as well as types of X-rays. Although & # 39; accurate & # 39 ;, these are & # 39; expensive and time-consuming & # 39 ;, the researchers wrote.
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